Dichtung is a German word that literally translates as "literature" or "poetry," but when it appears in the phrase "Dichtung und Wahrheit," "Dichtung" translates as "fact." The phrase means "fact and fiction."

"The Man with the Blue Guitar"Edit

The phrase "Dichtung und Wahrheit" appears in Stevens' poem "The Man with the Blue Guitar":

A few final solutions, like a duet
With the undertaker: a voice in the clouds,

Another on earth, the one a voice
Of ether, the other smelling of drink,

The voice of ether prevailing, the swell
Of the undertaker's song in the snow

Apostrophizing wreaths, the voice
In the clouds serene and final, next

The grunted breath scene and final,
The imagined and the real, thought

And the truth, Dichtung und Wahrheit, all
Confusion solved, as in a refrain

One keeps on playing year by year,
Concerning the nature of things as they are.[1]