François-René de Chateaubriand was a French writer, politician, and historian hailed primarily as the founder of Romanticism in French literature.
Significance to StevensEdit
In his essay, "The Figure of the Youth as Virile Poet" in Necessary Angel, Stevens quotes De Stael, who said, "Nos meilleurs poetes lyriques, en France, ce sont peut-etre nos grands prosateurs, Bossuet, Pascal, Fenelon, Buffon, Jean-Jacques..." (meaning "Our best lyric poets in France, maybe our great prose writers, are Bossuet, Pascal, Fenelon, Buffon, Jean-Jacques"). Stevens mentions that M. Claudel added Rabelais, Chateaubriand, and Balzac to this list. Stevens believes that the youth/poet should be aware of the contemporaries in his field ("double characters"), not only as a source of cooperation, collaboration, and community but also as a possible threat. Listing the influenctial French writers like this does not only show how the French recognized their double characters but also how they were always changing the catalog of such people.